Knowledge Articles

Pressure ulcer prevention - The problem

By: Mölnlycke Health Care, April 15 2014Posted in: Knowledge Articles

HAPU occur most commonly in the ICU (12-42%)1, with the rate of interoperatively acquired HAPU ranging from 12% to 66% in surgical patients. These pressure ulcers are caused by intense, prolonged and unrelieved pressure, resulting in damage to skin and underlying
tissue2.

The sacrum is generally reported as the most common location for pressure ulcers, with an incidence rate in acute care settings of 31%3. The heel is typically reported as the second most common location4,5. Medical device related pressure ulcers are a growing concern6.

Pressure ulcer prevention - The problem

References

  1. Cox, J. Predictors of Pressure Ulcers in Adult Critical Care Patients. American Journal of Critical Care 2001; Vol 20, No 1.
  2. Primiano, M. Pressure Ulcer Prevalence and Risk Factors During Prolonged Surgical Procedures. AORN Journal 2011; 94(6).
  3. Whittington, K. and Briones, R. National Prevalence and Incidence Study: 6-Year Sequential Acute Care Data. Advances in Skin & Wound Care 2004; 17(9).
  4. Results of nine international pressure ulcer surveys: 1989-2005. Ostomy Wound Management; 54(2). Vangilder C et al; 2008
  5. Prospective Pilot Study of Atypical PU Presentation in a Skilled geriatric Nursing Unit; Jaul E et al Ostomy Wound Manage. 2011Feb
  6. Medical device related pressure ulcers in hospitalized patients. Black J. et al. International Wound Journal. 2010 Vol 7 Nu 5 358-365
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